Post-Professional Physical Therapy Program: 2018-2019 School Year

Thank you for your interest in our programs. Following is information regarding the two Post-Professional Physical Therapy programs currently offered at Loma Linda University:


As of September 21, 2004, we are only accepting students for Autumn Quarter. Starting October 01, 2017 we will begin accepting applications for the Autumn quarter 2018 for the 2018-2019 school year with a start date of September 2018.  The deadline to apply is April 1, 2018, the deadline for documents is May 1, 2018.

PP-DPT (Prior Masters) (45 unit Track)

Our PP-DPT 45 unit track is a clinical based (11 months, no research) doctor of physical therapy degree.  In order to be eligible for this program, in addition to your bachelor’s degree in physical therapy, you must also have earned a master’s degree.  Graduates of our PP-MSR program are eligible for this program.

PP-DPT (Prior BS in PT) (66 unit Track)

Our PP-DPT 66 unit track (18 months, no research) is designed for the individual with a bachelor’s degree in Physical Therapy who wishes to pursue a clinical doctorate degree in the profession. To be eligible for admission, the applicant must have earned a Bachelor’s Degree in Physical Therapy from a 4 (or more) year BS program in physical therapy.  As of January 11, 2011, we are only accepting students for Autumn Quarter. Starting October 01, 2017 we will begin accepting applications for the Autumn quarter 2018 for the 2018-2019 school year with a start date of September 2017.  The deadline to apply is April 1, 2018, the deadline for documents is May 1, 2018.

Please refer to the websites listed below for more information about our Post-Professional Physical Therapy programs.

PLEASE read this entire document, paying special attention to the underlined and bolded material to help assure a timely acceptance.

 You may apply online for the Post-Professional programs at:

NOTE: As of June 01, 2006 only online applications will be accepted at LLU)

As of September 28, 2015, we are only accepting students for Fall Quarter for the PP-DPT 46 and 66 unit track program for students requiring a student visa.

There is no GRE requirement for this program, but an English Proficiency Exam is required if:


English Proficiency

(a)   Applicants who do not satisfy the exemption conditions stated in (b) below, are required to take one of the English proficiency examinations listed below and achieve the indicated minimum score:

Minimum Score

  • Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), computer-based     213
  • Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), internet-based     80


(b)   Regardless of nationality or citizenship, applicants who have earned a degree in the US are exempted from taking a test of English proficiency. Applicants to Loma Linda University programs in which the language of instruction is not English are not exempted from taking a test of English proficiency.

Requests to waive the requirement for an approved test of English proficiency must be submitted to the University Academic Affairs Committee.  The request must include adequate justification for the waiver.    An applicant may be not offered acceptance before the waiver request is approved.

To be eligible for these programs you must have graduated from a 4 (or more) year BS program in physical therapy. You will need to make certain an official mark sheet is sent to the Office of Admissions, School of Allied Health Professions. An official mark sheet can ONLY be issued by the affiliating university that legislated your course of study; the official mark sheet CANNOT be issued by the affiliated college at which your study actually occurred. LLU Policy mandates that the affiliated university must mail the transcripts directly to Loma Linda University. Official transcripts that are sent by your college or university transcripts that are sent or hand carried by you must be, unfortunately, considered unofficial.


Please note if you use World Education Services for your foreign evaluation, you will not be required to submit a set of transcripts directly from your university.


Below I have attached a list of approved foreign credentialing agencies for those students trained outside of the United States of America. A course-by-course” report will be required for this program.



World Education Services

Bowling Green Station
P.O. Box 5087
New York, NY 10274-5087

Phone: 212-966-6311
Fax: 212-739-6100



Educational Credential Evaluators, Inc.

P.O. Box 514070

Milwaukee, WI 53203-3470

Phone: (414) 289-3400

Fax: (414) 289-3411




American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers

One Dupont Circle, NW, Suite 520

Washington, DC 20036-1135

Phone: (202) 296-3359

Fax: (202) 822-3940

Website: Http://




Students are required to have an iPad for the courses in the orthopaedic and neurology tracks as well as for testing activities in all courses.  It is highly recommended that students have access to a personal computer (minimum: 800 MHz multimedia) with Internet access (minimum: 56 k.b.p.s. [connected at 44+ k.b.p.s.]).


Thank you again for your interest in the exciting and rewarding field of post-professional physical therapy education. In order to process your application, issue you an I-20 and allow you time to obtain a student visa; you should plan to have necessary documents in our hands at LLU 4 months prior to the start of the program. This will allow you a full 4 months to make the necessary arrangements. As additional questions regarding one of our programs arise, please do not hesitate to contact me.  I wish you the best, as you start your application process.


For Further Enquiries, Contact:

Sondra Caposio ─ Program Coordinator

Post-Professional Physical Therapy Department

LOMA LINDA UNIVERSITY│School of Allied Health Professions

24951 North Circle Drive, Nichol Hall, Loma Linda, California 92350

(909) 651-5921 ・  fax (909) 558-0459  ・

Inspirational: My Interest In Physical Therapy

I am a 21-year-old college student who loves a good nap (I mean, who doesn’t?) and anything “Grey’s Anatomy.” I have a pretty average life, and at first glance you may not pick up on the fact that I have cerebral palsy(CP). I have spastic hemiplegic CP on the left side of my body. Sometimes, CP seems to be the worst thing on Earth if I am having a really off day when my muscles are super tight and even the slightest movement is rough. I don’t think people realize how tasking everyday activities, like typing for example, is on your body. But CP ever so graciously reminds me of this, and I need to find a new way to do things.

I could start to write some really sappy story about my life and different obstacles that have hindered me because of CP. A story that oozes awe-inspiring language and somehow makes you, the reader, feel bad for me. But I am not going to do that at all. It is time we change the narrative of people with disabilities, as if our stories are only ones that can be filled with sorrow. I don’t ever want people to pity me, because like I said already: I have a pretty average life. We all deal with at least one critical event at some point in our lives that shapes us as a person. CP has definitely shaped the way I view the world and everything around me, and it has done so since birth. I know my world as nothing different than what it is now, since CP has always been a part of me.

Cerebral palsy is the reason I am in college pursuing my passion of becoming a physical therapist. Oh, yeah: did I forget to mention that? My name is Jess Paciello (IG @ceeplife). I am a 21-year-old college student. I happen to have cerebral palsy and there is no way I would trade my circumstances for anything. CP has given me a unique view about life, how to treat others, and most importantly, how to be there for others.

Now I’ll let you in on a secret. As a kid, I hated my physical and occupational therapy sessions. Go figure, right? I should have loved them as a kid with the same level of passion that I do now. And I don’t mean to discount occupational therapists: they are amazing and I did consider it as a career! But for me personally, what really drew me into loving physical therapy was the biomechanics of movement, with walking being one of the main factors. I did not start walking until I was 3 years old. A delay in walking is one tell-tale sign of a CP diagnosis. The motor functions of those of us with CP are delayed, and I think I’ve always been more drawn to the gross motor tasks in my physical therapy sessions than the fine motor tasks of my OT ones.

I have been in OT and PT since I was 18 months old, and I “graduated” from having to go to therapies a while later at 18 years old. Now, it is all up to me. I am in charge of keeping my body running as smoothly as it can. I have basically been my own PT (without a degree yet!) my entire life. I have learned so much about my own body throughout my time as a patient. Now, it is time for me to give back and help others.

I have a long road ahead of me, but it will be no more difficult than anything I have already gone through. I cannot wait to work with children who need physical therapy. The reason why I disliked my therapies a child was because at the time, I felt disconnected. Every single one of my therapists throughout my lifetime were all incredibly knowledgeable, but I so desperately wanted someone to really get what I was going through. I wanted someone like me.


I hope I am making my family proud through my career choice and how I choose to view CP. But most importantly, I am making myself proud with my outlook on life. If one of my future patients and their families starts seeing the potential I know they have, then all of the schooling will 100 percent worth it. If one of my future patients feels like they are not so alone when it feels like the world is working against them, then I know I did my job right.


Scientific Evidence indicates beneficial adaptations of Inter-vertebral Disc in fast walkers and slow runners.

New research findings indicate that running exercise may be good for your intervertebral discs (IVDs) which counters previous assumptions that running impact may cause extra pressure and harm to the spine.

This new evidence, the first ever cross-sectional study in humans, suggests that favorable tissue adaptation -hydration and proteoglycan content, hypertrophy- was associated with chronic running exercise in men and women.

The researchers recruited runners aged 25-34 with a minimum of five years history at their current physical activity level: either no sports (referents), 20-40 km per week running (joggers), or 50+ km per week running (long-distance runners). It was noted that discs were better hydrated in long- distance runners and joggers compared to non-athletic individuals. Also, IVD hypertrophy at the lower lumbar levels was greater in long-distance runners, but only a little, this suggests tissue adaptation to habitual loading will occur in the IVD with exercises, in relation to hypertrophic changes seen in muscles after resistance training. Furthermore, additional data from 10 runners noted adaptation were strongly associated with activities such as fast walking and slow running as opposed to fast running and high impact jumping considered to be harmful to the IVD. No beneficial adaptations of IVD was noted in sedentary activities and possibly not required for high intensity running.

In summary, running exercise can be beneficial for the Intervertebral disc and specific exercise protocols may improve spine characteristics.

Get to Running!

WCPT Art and health competition

Overall winner & winner of sculpture category(2015) - Man gets back up by Greta Rosa (Italy)

WCPT is currently running an art and health competition, seeking outstanding pieces of artwork and photography relevant to physical therapy. The competition is open to all physical therapists and their patients and all that is required is a passion for your work! The theme of the competition is “Diversity and inclusion”.  Interpretations of the theme may include:

  • diversity of patients and practice
  • inclusion of disabilities
  • how physical therapy encourages inclusion
  • the vast range of specialties within the profession

A maximum of three entries may be submitted by any one individual. All entries must be submitted electronically as a JPEG photograph. The original artwork must be created in one of the following media:

  • photography
  • painting
  • drawing
  • sculpture

All images should be taken at the best quality available. If a photograph of a sculpture, drawing or painting is being submitted, the artwork must be clearly visible and well lit.

The closing date for the competition is 15th February 2017.

Please email entries (or direct any enquiries) to Mia Lockner at

To view more images go to arthealth2015.

Please visit WCPT2017  to learn more about Awards and Subm

ACL injuries may lead to lasting brain changes

 Knee injuries such as ACL injuries may result in significant changes in the brain, researchers at Ohio University determined in a study.

 In a paper published in the Journal of Orthopedic & Sports Physical Therapy, scientists say they were able to demonstrate lasting changes to the brain after recovery of the knee for patients who experienced an anterior cruciate ligament injury.

“The brain fundamentally changed in how it processes information from an injured knee,” OSU researcher Dustin Grooms said in a press release. “We think those changes play a big role in why people who recover from ACL injuries don’t trust their knees entirely and tend to move them differently.”

 Brain scan was used to study people with ACL injuries, and they found that test subjects relied on visual systems in the brain instead of their own spatial awareness when instructed to move their knee.

“It’s like walking in the dark, you don’t walk as fast, you don’t move as confidently,” researcher Jimmy Onate explained. “These individuals may, in a smaller sense, be doing the same thing, not moving as confidently and constantly using visual cues when they really don’t need to.”

To help patients recover, scientists involved with the study recommend using strobe classes to facilitate motor learning during rehabilitation.

ACL injuries occur when the anterior cruciate ligament tears, and is typically associated with athletic activity. Following the incident, knees have been known to swell and feel unstable. Patients often report being unable to use their affected leg to support their own weight.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury – Osteoarthritis (OA) Connection

Every year, about 250,000 people in the U.S. sustain injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), and about half of these individuals end up having reconstructive surgery.

But even more disturbing is that some 30 to 60 percent of those who undergo surgery develop osteoarthritis (OA) within five years.

“ACL injury typically affects active young adults participating in sports like basketball, football, skiing and soccer, which means that this population is developing OA in their 20s and 30s,” Thomas Buchanan from University of Delaware.

“Although they’re not experiencing symptoms at this point, X-rays show evidence of early-stage OA,” he adds. “And chances are that within another five to 10 years, they’re going to need knee replacement surgery, which is not an option for people that young.”

Buchanan, who is the George W. Laird Professor of Mechanical Engineering and director of the Delaware Rehabilitation Institute, is collaborating with Lynn Snyder-Mackler, Alumni Distinguished Professor of Physical Therapy, to shed light on the ACL-OA connection, so that therapeutic interventions can be developed to prevent it.

They recently received a grant from the National Institutes of Health to examine both the biochemical and biomechanical bases for the development of OA after ACL surgery.

The two have been working together for more than 15 years, with Buchanan bringing knowledge of biomechanical modeling and Snyder-Mackler providing expertise in clinical treatment approaches.

Data collected during their previous studies showed that some patients displayed unusual gait mechanics within the first six months after surgery.

“Biomechanical analysis from our lab showed that the injured knee undergoes unloading — that is, the joint contact force is less in the involved knee than in the uninvolved knee when the patient walks,” Buchanan says. “The unloading occurs immediately after injury and is still quite pronounced at six months.”

“However, even though loading typically returns to normal at about the two-year point, we found that those people who had evidenced a difference in loading right after surgery were more likely to develop OA five years out,” he adds. “This finding suggests that there may be a window of opportunity for treatment if we can figure out what happens within the first two years that sets some knees up for OA.”

Under the new NIH grant, the researchers plan to study people at three months, six months and two years following ACL surgery, with three aims.

The first is to explore the biomechanical basis of the observed unloading using gait analysis and electromyography, a procedure to assess the health of muscles and the nerve cells that control them.

Second, they will use quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (qMRI) to detect biochemical changes in the cartilage at the same three points in the post-surgery period. This part of the work will be carried out in UD’s new Center for Biomedical and Brain Imaging, which houses a state-of-the-art functional MRI (fMRI) scanner. The NIH funding will support the software upgrades needed to carry out the qMRI planned for the knee study.

Finally, the team will examine the effect of knee loading differences on knee cartilage stress distribution using a finite element model, which will enable them to determine precisely how the loading and biochemical changes influence the pressure in the cartilage.

“We believe this approach will allow us to understand the mechanisms governing knee unloading following ACL reconstruction and enable us to make recommendations for clinical treatment paths to avoid the development of OA in this population,” Buchanan says.

The grant, “ACL Reconstructed Knee: qMRI and Biomechanical Modeling,” totals $357,234 and was awarded through the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

Opinions expressed by physiogramworld contributors are their own.

Article by Diane Kukich
Video by Jeff Chase

Source :

News: Surgeons Use Nose Cells To Repair Damaged Knee Joint

Swiss surgeons have successfully used nose cells to repair damaged knee joints, according to a study released Thursday by the journal The Lancet.

“The treatment is safe and feasible,” study co-author Dr. Ivan Martin told CNN.

Between 2004 and 2011, nearly 2 million Americans had knee surgery due to cartilage problems. As the population ages, these surgeries will become increasingly common expert says.

Martin, a professor of surgery and biomedicine at University Hospital Basel in Switzerland, has been working on a new way to repair knees since 2001. His latest procedure uses engineered cartilage tissue grown from the nasal septum of the patient. He said that nasal cells “have a larger and more reproducible capacity to form new cartilage.”

“We further established that the cartilage tissue generated by nasal chondrocytes (one type of cell) can respond to physical forces (mechanical loads) similar to articular cartilage and has the ‘plasticity’ to adapt to a joint environment,” Martin told CNN. In one of their pre-tests for the current study, he implanted engineered tissue into goat joints and found it “efficiently integrated with surrounding articular cartilage.”

For the experimental study, Martin used 10 patients from 18 to 55 that had cartilage problems in their knees. The team extracted a 6-millimeter biopsy specimen from the nasal septum, using local anesthetic. Then the harvested celled were exposed to growth factors for two weeks.

After an additional two weeks, Martin’s team was able to craft a 30-by-40 millimeter cartilage graft. Surgeons then implanted it as a replacement for damaged knee cartilage.

None of the patients reported side effects related to the experimental surgery. CNN reported.

You can watch the video here

Free Online Course on Gait Analysis and Deviation

Take advantage of the free online course on PT Gait Analysis and Deviations by Dr. Will Crane. Learn about the phases of gait and how to recognize when things go wrong.

Course Description:

This course is designed to be an awesome resource for students preparing for the NPTE. Many times, it can be very confusing and difficult to understand gait analysis and what can potentially go wrong during each phase. This course will help you:

  • Understand the normal joint motion occurring during each phase of gait
  • Which muscles are active and when
  • How to recognize gait deviations and abnormalities

Each phase of the gait cycle has its own “mini-lecture” consisting of about 10 minutes of material as we review the basics. This course will take about 2 hours to complete in its entirety.

These videos serve as an adjunct to your current plan of study and will help clarify gait analysis on the NPTE. Designed to be simple and clear, you’ll be surprised at how easy this course allows you to analyze gait patterns.

What are the requirements?

  • Computer
  • Standard PT textbooks

What am I going to get from this course?

  • Learn normal motion during each phase of the gait cycle
  • Understand normal muscle activity during each phase of the gait cycle
  • Recognize key gait deviations and what causes them

What is the target audience?

  • DPT students
  • Candidates of the NPTE

Click here to get started


Continuing Education Websites For Physical Therapists & Physical Therapists Assistants

Continuing Education (CE) is highly beneficial in keeping health care workers abreast of current research in the fields in which they practice. Advancing your professional career as Physical therapists is imperative in the modern world of health care reform and savvy health care consumers.

Here is a compiled list of websites for online continuing education courses in no particular order:



  1. provides convenient and affordable online physical therapy continuing education courses in several learning format; audio, recorded webinar, or traditional text. Their yearly subscription offers unlimited courses, also professional issues, and personal growth for professionals. Students can make use of the CE course library to increase knowledge and learn from others with more experience in their field.



The website is easy to navigate, well organized, user friendly, informative and affordable for physical therapists and physical therapist assistants.



Registration is free with a free introductory physical therapy course. It offers clinically relevant courses in different formats which includes abstract reviews of journal articles with clinical commentary, original lectures, slide shows, audio/video, online dissections, and e-books.


  1. provides convenient, user-friendly, informative CE courses for licensed physical therapists. It gives you the opportunity to view and download CE materials and exams for free, payments can be made on completion of course.


  1. provides unlimited, current evidence-based CE courses for physical therapists, physical therapy assistants and other medical professionals in affordable, convenient online format.



The website offers high quality, concise and informative courses at reasonable prices, gives group discounts on courses, and also easy to navigate.



The website offers first course free and covers a range of health care topics designed to help PTs and PTAs advance in their careers regardless of status of licensure.



It offers evidence-based courses, live webinars, interactive learning assessment, user friendly and intuitive materials.

“Continuous Learning is the minimum requirement for success in any field”- Dennis Waitley